To understand the history behind decorated pavement and medallions, one must understand the intention of the medieval builders, and remember that medieval buildings, such as churches and cathedrals, were richly and highly decorated. Wall painting covered the walls and decorative pavement was designed to provide another dimension to an interior that, particularly in the chancel, was a riot of colors.

In some cases the relationship between the wall paintings and the medieval tile designs were very close, and the decorative scheme was conceived as a whole.

Floor pavements had two main components, the first was designed to enrich the interiors and the second was to record history of the time, such as battles and deaths.

Mosaic pavement and ceramic tile were used to decorate the most significant areas, usually the chancels, chapter houses, and libraries.

In the sixteenth century, Black & White chequered marble floors were introduced and continued to be popular through the nineteenth century.

Many of these floors were known as historical jigsaws!

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